It provoked international outrage and pressure on political leaders in the United States. Young black Americans grasped the precariousness of their own lives, and figures like the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Till Mobley became a teacher and civil rights activist herself, as did many whites. As Mr. Friedrich Nietzsche, the rebel of 19th-century philosophy who died years ago on Aug. Nietzsche wrote with the confidence and vehemence of any pundit. He posited extreme precursors to moral relativism and self-actualization, two ideas that have become prevalent during the last few decades.
His often-aphoristic writing style would be perfect for Twitter, where there are many accounts in his name. Whether he would be pleased about how his ideas have influenced our culture is another matter, but it would be very difficult to argue that they have not.
Perhaps the most well-known example is the frequently made accusation that his writings fostered a sense of Teutonic racial superiority that Germany and then Hitler would use to justify embarking on two world wars, even though Nietzsche himself had repudiated his nationality and claimed to be descended from Polish nobles. His ideas might seem more familiar to us now, but at his death they were controversial, even shocking.
Those enemies included organized religion, especially Christianity, democracy, mediocrity, nationalism and women. Nietzsche railed against these and other adversaries on pages often densely packed with allusions, symbolism and language closer to romantic poetry than fusty metaphysics. Here is a sampling of his best-known writings:. Whoever fights monsters should see to it that in the process he does not become a monster. And when you look long into an abyss, the abyss also looks into you.
God is dead! God remains dead! And we have killed him! How shall we console our selves, the most murderous of all murderers? Unlike many of his philosophical predecessors, Nietzsche did not argue for a specific weltanschauung, or worldview, even though his writings may suggest one.
He distrusted any thinker who proposed a comprehensive system for interpreting the world, and he often wrote in a manner that allowed for multiple interpretations. A critical examination of his work in The New York Times in explained his approach:. Nietzsche is not a philosopher in the strict and technical sense of the word.
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He has no system or consistent body of thought professing to explain all aspects of the universe. He does not expressly deal with epistemology, ontology or, indeed, with metaphysics in general.
He was born on Oct. His father died when he was young, and his mother hoped he would join the church, but by the time he went to the University of Bonn he later moved to the University of Leipzig he had decided to study the classics and pursue a career in philology.
He earned a professorship in Greek at the University of Basel in Switzerland when he was just 24 and became inspired by Richard Wagner and Arthur Schopenhauer.
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But his ideas endured, and have since intrigued innumerable thinkers. But she was also a girl next door, a teenager with her own street style who rose above the vulgarity of other stars. Aaliyah Dana Haughton died 15 years ago along with eight other passengers of a small airplane that crashed in the Bahamas.
She was 22, but she had already reached a level of fame few could achieve in a lifetime.
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Born in Brooklyn and raised in Detroit, Aaliyah was raised for stardom. At 11, she sang on stage with Gladys Knight. In one of her more gossip-provoking moments, it was widely reported that she had secretly married R. Kelly, who was in his late 20s. Their marriage was annulled. That album sold two million copies. He soon realized that it was the story he had been waiting to write for 20 years. Crime, he decided, could be the perfect vehicle. Capote disagreed. The killers, Perry Smith and Dick Hickock, both of them ex-convicts, had intended to rob the family, which they knew to be well-off.
But they were surprised to find almost no money in the house; everyone but the robbers, it seemed, knew that the farm owner, Herbert Clutter, paid only with checks. Before arriving at the farm, Smith and Hickock had agreed that no witnesses could be left behind, whether or not the robbery was successful. The Clutters were tied up in separate rooms and killed at close range by shotgun blasts. Made into a book, it became a national best seller, despite assertions that it is not entirely factual. And it brought Capote even more financial and social success. The book, disturbing and gory, took its toll on him, though.
Like a bat out of hell. Capote formed a bond with Perry Smith; though strikingly different, they both had endured turbulent childhoods. Capote knew that before he could finish his book, the ending — the executions of the two convicted murderers — had to happen. Clarke said in an email. Siegel, who died last January , asked the obviously inebriated Capote what would happen to him if he did not give up alcohol and drugs. He was not able to kick his destructive habits.
Six years later, a coroner attributed his death , at 59, to liver failure. At a memorial service , Robert L.
Newton Gun Club carried their rifles on a march in Dallas. And last month, in response to more police shootings, they took them to another rally in Dallas in which five officers were fatally shot by a veteran of the Army Reserve, not a club member. The Dallas club began in after an officer there killed an unarmed black man and wounded a child with a stray bullet but was not disciplined. The name Huey P. Newton advocated armed self-defense in black communities, where the organization also provided social services. They would patrol the streets, guns drawn, turning them on drug dealers and police officers alike.
Expressing a willingness to defend oneself with weapons was hardly revolutionary. The Black Panthers, which never grew beyond a few thousand members, tried to combine socialism and black nationalism. Its charter called for full employment, decent housing, and the end of police brutality. Unlike black separatists, the Panthers welcomed all races and found wealthy liberals willing to give them money.
Historians have detailed its mistreatment of female members, extortion, drug dealing, embezzlement and murder. At least 19 Panthers were killed in shootouts with one another, the authorities or other black revolutionaries. As many members went off to prison and the group dwindled, Newton became a despotic and paranoid drug addict, wielding dictatorial powers with a small coterie, and knocking off anyone in his way.
In , he earned a Ph. But he was shot to death on Aug. He was 47, a victim of the same streets he had once tried to make safe. During the Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro, Not Forgotten is resurfacing obituaries about some of the greatest Olympic athletes of all time. Coachman was in a position to know. That set an Olympic record and — because Coachman had achieved it on the first try — earned her the gold medal. When Coachman died in , at 90, the fact that she was the first black woman to win an Olympic gold medal was the salient point of her obituary in The New York Times.
Sixty-six years earlier, however, The Times had not even mentioned the fact in its dispatch from London. The correspondent, Allison Danzig , barely noted that Coachman had set a record. Viewers could see with their own eyes what newspaper reporters and radio commentators of earlier eras did not necessarily emphasize. Coachman was treated almost as a nonperson on her homecoming to Albany, Ga.
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The mayor refused to shake her hand. Some of it had to do with one of her gifts. Rhoden of The Times in That was the climax. I won the gold medal. I proved to my mother, my father, my coach and everybody else that I had gone to the end of my rope. At the Olympics, maybe. The truth is that her career as an exemplar was just beginning. If you could have dinner with one person who is no longer with us, and whose obituary was published in The New York Times, who would it be, and why that person?